[nc-idn] RE: Scheduling a telecon call for IDN item on the NC agenda
- To: Elisabeth.Porteneuve@cetp.ipsl.fr, Richard.Tindal@neulevel.biz, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Subject: [nc-idn] RE: Scheduling a telecon call for IDN item on the NC agenda
- From: Elisabeth Porteneuve <Elisabeth.Porteneuve@cetp.ipsl.fr>
- Date: Mon, 26 Nov 2001 05:19:23 +0100 (MET)
- Cc: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Sender: email@example.com
I am sorry for time it took -- I do hope all of you had
an excellent Thanksgiving and a long weekend, and we are
ready to move forward.
For your consideration, comments or corrections are two
(1) the DRAFT update to the Terms of Reference for the
IDN Task Force with the timeline
(2) background information and last URLs
Do you think it would be appropriate to add all the
NC members to the NC IDN list, similar to the NC transfer ?
Chuck, would you mind, please, help in organizing the call ?
I noted that some persons are not available on 27 or 28.
FOR COMMENT BY THE NC TASK FORCE ON International Domain Names
DRAFT Update to the Terms of Reference for the IDN Task Force
The first terms of Reference of the IDN TF date from March 2001,
and has been provided by YJP in
It requests to be adjusted after six months, and many works
done in the IDN area, see attached "Background and URLs to
most recent documents".
This is a proposed draft for an update to the ToR.
The purpose of the Task Force on International Domain Names
1. develop broad understanding across the NC of the issues
concerning the International Domain Names from technical,
cultural, financial, user, provider and intellectual
property perspective; shall the IDN registration service
be accompagned with human service to customers speaking
their languages and open during their local time zone
business hours ?
2. identify possible consequences of the IDN deployment,
from the Internet users and providers perspective, and
what will happen if not all application can be operational
3. determine whether and under which circumstances the ccTLD
managers could and would accept the naming policy
restrictions on their national naming tree scheme to
allow for IDNs to be deployed within their cc space
4. determine the possible recommendations to any identified
problems arising from the language of the existing gTLD
agreements where policy needs to guide contractual changes
and make any appropriate recommendations to the ICANN Board
1. convene a teleconference between 26 November and 4 December
for briefings from VeriSign (TBD), MINC (TBD) and
IETF (Patrick Falstrom)
(Chuck kindly offered to organize that call)
2. collect pertinent information from joint WIPO-ITU meeting
in Geneva on 6-7 December 2001
3. collect pertinent information from IETF 52 in Salt Like
City 9-14 December 2001
4. communicate with ccTLD managers with regard to IDN deployment
(several dates to be considered: CENTR meetings on 17-18
December 2001 in Luxembourg, and 21-22 February 2002 in Paris;
APTLD meeting in Bangkok on 7 March 2002);
focus on .CN, .JP and .KR perspective
5. convene a teleconference in January, with a goal of
publishing an interim report prior to Ghana
The listserv for the Task Force is at firstname.lastname@example.org
The archives are at http://www.dnso.org/clubpublic/nc-idn/Arc00/
PLEASE COMMENT/CORRECT and COMPLETE the attached:
Background and URLs to most recent documents.
1. The domain names in LDH subset of ASCII table ("LDH" is
an abbreviation for "letters, digits, hyphen-minus")
has been in introduced in 1983 by P. Mockapetris, RFC882.
It became an IETF standard since 1987, RFC1035. The design
of LDH characters (fonts) has no meaning in the domain
names, i.e. there is no difference when the shape is
Helvetica or Time or Gothic or similar. The upper or lower
cases has no meaning in domain names.
2. Besides native English speaking countries, it seems that
a very large part of humans can easily accommodate
themselves to the LDH subset of ASCII table - it includes,
but is not limited to, all languages using Latin or Cyrillic
characters, Greek, Hebrew and Arabic. All of these
languages are described in ISO 8859 twelve tables based
on 8 bits characters. To oversimplify - those language have
a common characteristic: they built up words with a set
of twenty to forty characters, some with diacritical sign.
3. The CJK countries ("CJK" is an abbreviation for Chinese,
Japanese, Korean) use languages which are based on a very
large amount of letters. These countries are the most
concerned by the possibility to use their national characters
in International Domain Names. The complexity and cultural
aspects of languages in CJK countries makes crucial their
contribution to the definition of IETF standards and
deployments to the multilingual domain names.
The CJK countries work together within MINC organization,
and at the same time participate to the IETF.
Many messages arriving from CJK countries concerning the
multilingual domain names, point out that the CJK characters
have traditional or simplified forms which may co-exist in
the same word, adding combinatory effects to the complex
languages, and especially to the intellectual property issues.
The very rich document published on 16 November 2001
provides excellent information about renovation of Chinese
characters by the Committee of National Language & Chinese
Character, and its standard published in 1964 and 1986.
At the same time this document proposes a design of a mathematical
algorithms for ACM-ACE-Z encoding scheme dealing with
combinatory effects of traditional and simplified forms
and intellectual property issues.
Technology and standards - some latest documents:
1. In August 2001 the IETF IDN WG informally agreed on
ACM-ACE-Z encoding. This decision was followed be the
development of following IETF drafts:
AMC-ACE-Z version 0.3.1, 4 Sep 2001, Adam M. Costello
Internationalizing Host Names in Applications (IDNA), 8 Nov 2001
Patrick Falstrom, Paul Hoffman, Adam M. Costello
Traditional and Simplified Chinese Conversion, 16 Nov 2001
XiaoDong LEE, HSU NAI-WEN, Deng Xiang, Erin Chen, Zhang Hong, Sun Guonian
2. The ISO10646/Unicode has been chosen as an appropriate
character set for IDN. The ACM-ACE-Z transforms the national
characters into LDH subset of ASCII. It preserves the
compatibility with the currently deployed millions of
domain names servers and resolvers.
3. MINC and MINC/IETF presentations from Marina del Rey 2001:
4. The IETF IDN WG:
James Seng <email@example.com>
Marc Blanchet <Marc.Blanchet@viagenie.qc.ca>
The Internationalized Domain Names IETF idn working group Web site
Financial aspects and recall of some numbers from history:
1. "In September, 1995, as the demand for Internet registration
became largely (97 percent) commercial and grew by orders
of magnitude (exceeding NSF's ability to fund the registration),
the NSF authorized NSI to begin charging a fee for domain
(cf. http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/news/media/fsdomnames.htm )
2. In October 1998, the NSF-NSI Cooperative Agreement
No. NCR-9218742 for .com/.org/.net has been renegotiated
by ICANN and DoC, allowing for competition on Registrars' level.
(cf. http://www.ntia.doc.gov/ntiahome/domainname/proposals/docnsi100698.htm ).
At that time the number of domain names registered in
.com/.org/.net was of 4.5 million.
3. In September 2000, the ICANN Board acceded to the request
from the VeriSign, the company who bought the NSI, to allow
for the testbed in registration of International Domain Names.
Two important decision took place: (1) the policy for domain
names registration under .com/.org/.net (and any new gTLD)
forbids the registration of Second Level domain names which
name starts with two ACSII letters following by double
hyphen-minus to preserve that space for the deployment of
International Domain Names; (2) the VeriSign was allowed to
register multilingual testbed names on the same economic terms
($6 per year) as any other domain name
(cf. http://www.icann.org/minutes/minutes-25sep00.htm#MultilingualDomainNames )
4. In September 2001 the total number of domain names registered
in the VeriSign multilingual testbed under .com/.org/.net was
close to 1 million.
ICANN IDN Documents:
Under the Verisign testbed, multilingual names can be
registered with any accredited registrar that enhances
its systems to handle the multilingual names and passes
technical certification of this capability. As required
by the Registry Agreement, multilingual names will be
registered on the same economic terms ($6 per year) as
anyother domain name. In other words, the ASCII-equivalent
domain name is handled contractually just like any other
name and Verisign Registry is planning to deploy the
conversion resolvers at no additional charge.
Prior to Montevideo, the ICANN Board IDN Committee, Chaired by
Masanobu Katoh, published its final report at:
Resolutions on IDN are in the ICANN Board minutes from MdR:
The ICANN Board IDN Committe shall provide its final report
in June 2002.