> -----Original Message-----
> From: Hill, Richard
> Sent: Thursday, 25 April 2002 12:02
> To: 'email@example.com'
Subject: ITU-T and ENUM
> The document titled ISPCP comments on
ICANN reform at:
> contains the following statement:
> "In response to
recent claims that the ITU already performs effective and efficient functions
that are similar to those required for the administration of Internet names
and addresses, the ISPCP does not support such a case. In contrast the ISPCP
cites the recent experience related to the introduction of ENUM, where the
protocol work was completed within a matter of months by the IETF, but the
Administration aspects have become bogged down in political and procedural
debates within ITU which have prevented any progress towards implementation
over past 18 months."
> First of all, the ITU claims of effective and
efficient performace for similar functions is based on the administration of
the international telephone numbering plan and related numbering
resources. ENUM is not a well established, widely deployed technology,
so at this time it is in no way similar to either the telephone system or to
IP addresses or to Internet domain names.
> While it is true that the
protocol work on ENUM was completed rapidly by IETF, IETF requested that ITU
take care of certain administrative issues related to implementation.
Discussion of implementation issues rapidly led to the realization that
implementation of ENUM raises a number of complex policy issues in areas such
as consumer protection, data privacy, competition policy, and others.
Discussion of these complex issues has taken some time. The debates are
not primarily procedural, but substantive. It is not clear that the
debates within ITU have actually prevented progress towards
implementation. More information on ENUM, including implementation
plans, can be found at:
One of the issues that has been debated within ITU with respect to ENUM
implementation is precisely one of the issues that has been raised by Stuart
Lynn in his paper on reform, namely the role of governments. This issue
arises because it is proposed to implement ENUM using the top-level domain
name ".arpa" which is administered by IANA - that is by ICANN - which, as we
all know, operates under an MoU with the US Government. This situation
has led to some concerns being expressed by some countries.
> Stuart has
said: "... it is simply unrealistic to believe that global coordination of the
DNS can succeed without more active involvement of governments." Whether
the same might be true for ENUM is being debated. Stuart has also said:
"... the current role of the US Government is not consistent with long-term
global stability." Some have raised this issue in the context of ENUM
and the question is being debated.
> Thus, the complexity of the
discussion on ENUM within ITU is, in a sense, directly related to the issue of
ICANN reform. Implementation of ENUM would have been a less
controversial subject if certain elements of the ICANN reform envisaged by
Stuart had been acted upon prior to the development of ENUM.
respect to the efficency of ITU-T in general, ITU-T has introduced a new
approval process for recommendations that are technical and have no policy
aspects. This is called the Alternative Approval Process, AAP. In
the first nine months of operation, 112 Recommendations were approved after a
formal online consultation > process that lasts 4 weeks (of course the
preparation of the texts for approval took more than 4 weeks).
Finally, it should be noted that complex issues require time for adequate
discussion and consensus-building no matter what the forum. For example,
the complexity of the Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) issues has given
rise to lengthy discussions within IETF.
> Richard Hill
> Counsellor, SG2
> International Telecommunication
> Place des Nations
> CH-1211 Geneva 20
> tel: +41 22 730 5887
> FAX: +41 22 730 5853
Study Group 2 email: firstname.lastname@example.org